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How to Choose Projector Screen Type, Size, Material, and More

BenQ
2022/05/11

If you care about enjoying your video content in the best quality possible, then you most likely already know that a projector is unbeatable for a truly cinematic experience. However, a great projector is only one piece in a multi-element projection system, as the screen onto which you display makes a world of difference.

Sometimes, after having invested in a top of the line projector, people forego a proper projection screen altogether. Projecting onto a wall or just a white surface has a significant negative impact on image quality. Notably, image contrast, resolution, and color reproduction suffer the most from using a surface not intended for projection.

Actually, we have an entire article dedicated to technological developments that have given us light rejecting surfaces and other advancements that promote superior image quality. Before continuing to read the rest of this article you may want to dive into light resistance and rejection technologies.

But even without specific technologies designed to enhance surfaces, what is it about a projection screen in general that makes it better than just using a readily-available white wall? Moreover, how do you choose the right screen without breaking the bank? Let's discuss the three main aspects of screens: material, size, and style. We’ll then cover how to choose the best one for your room and projector. 

Common Screen Construction Types

The main types of screens in terms of build style are fixed frame and retractable. Additionally, fixed frame screens come in standard or light rejecting varieties.

Retractable screens tuck into alcoves or housings and may be pull down from the ceiling, or pull up from the floor (floor rising). Retraction can be manual or motorized with a switch or remote. Tab tensioned retractable screens use tabs on their corners to provide a more consistent but less flexible screen surface. 

Fixed Frame Projection Screen

As their name states, fixed frame screens have a fixed form and with a frame surrounding the projection surface. As such, they’re very even and consistent and do not need tab tensioning, unlike frameless retractable screens. These screens arrive in many varieties and sizes. Standard surfaces offer acceptable image quality in dark rooms, but for better performance it may be wise to get a light rejecting screen in well-lit rooms.

The biggest advantages of fixed frame screens is easy setup and simple usage. On the downside, if you want to enjoy a large image, then a big fixed screen takes up a lot of space and can’t be folded or moved out of the way. That means they’re best for big home cinema or media rooms, and not suitable for small spaces.

If you have the space available, it is always better to go for a fixed screen. A fixed screen is composed of an aluminum or wooden frame that very tightly holds the screen proper, which in turn is usually made of PVC. This setup offers a very smooth and even projection surface for the lowest price, in part thanks to its simple construction.

Additionally, from an installation point of view, it is easier to integrate. If you can hang a picture frame on a wall, then you already know how to install a fixed frame screen in your media room. Making sure that it is centered and at the right height is enough to have a high quality screen ready for your next viewing session.

The downside to fixed frame screens is their size. To put things into perspective, a 120" diagonal projection screen is approximately 2.65 meters wide. Such a big screen would look out of place in most living rooms, which means that you most likely need a dedicated media room to avoid your projector setup getting in the way of daily life.

Pull Up and Pull Down Retractable Screens

If you do not have a dedicated media room, a retractable screen gives you more flexibility. This type of screen can be rolled down when you crave some movie enjoyment and then quickly rolled up and out of sight when you’re done. You can place such screens in front of any wall or even your already-there TV.

Retractable screens also give you more ways to integrate the screen into your room in an inconspicuous way, hiding it away until ready to use. They come in two main varieties: pull up and pull down. Pull down screens can be wall or ceiling mounted, allowing you to keep the whole screen away from view in a recessed space in the ceiling. Pull up screens, on the other hand, are usually placed on the floor behind your media center or integrated into a custom-made piece of furniture. These rolls down from a mounting attached to your ceiling, or in some cases high up on a wall. They roll or pull down when required, either by hand or using a motor.

.Ceiling-Mounted Pull Down Screens:

Pull down screens are quite versatile and convenient, because they hide away when not in use. Pulling them down is very quick, as well. However, they require more complex installation to mount on the ceiling.

.Floor Rising Pull Up Screens:

The opposite of ceiling pull down screens, these rise up from the floor, either standalone or as part of a larger assembly or housing. Basic pull up screens also stay hidden and out of the way when not in use, just like pull down versions.

They have the advantage of a very simple installment, with no need to use a ladder to reach the ceiling. But once installed, they do take up floor space and can get in the way, unlike ceiling-installed screens.

Either one of these two types of retractable screens work equally well. However, for any retractable screen, there are two additional aspects you should keep in mind.

By default, retractable screens are non-tab tensioned, and that may create curling, rippling, or bending of the screen and thus distort projected images. Tab tensioned screens are built to ensure a flat display surface, but of course they cost more.

 

.Tab-Tensioned Projection Screen:

To obtain the best performance out of a retractable screen, you should look for a tab-tensioned one. This type of screen has a system behind it to ensure that the surface is perfectly tight and flat when pulled out, while the whole tensioning system also moves out of the way when the screen is rolled in. Without tensioning, retractable screens tend to have curling and wrinkling that impact your video experience, creating distortions and image wobbling, most noticeable during panning shots.

 

.Electric Projection Screen:

Retractable screens have manual and motorized versions. Manual obviously means you pull the screen down or up yourself. Motorized screens or electric projection screens use a dedicated remote control, a wall switch, or the 12V trigger that many projectors have to let you control them. They are very convenient and stylish, butin addition to costing more require a dedicated power supply and have more components that may eventually fail, especially compared to classic fixed frame screens.



Manual screens are light, less expensive, and don't need any electricity to work, which makes them easier to install anywhere very quickly. Since there is no risk of a motor failing over time, they represent less maintenance and more years of service. On the downside, you have to deploy them yourself each time, which may become tedious when we’re so used to everything get pull the screens out by hand before use, which can seem inconvenient.

Screen Size

After deciding the style that suits your media room the best, it's time to choose the right size for your projection screen. While bigger is usually better, the massive size of projector screens presents challenges not commonly found when using TVs that rarely exceed 75" diagonally.

The price difference between a 100" and a 120" projection screen is usually minimal, so you might want to go for the biggest size you can fit on your wall. However, it is advisable to pay attention to a few other factors when choosing an optimal size.

Your room size is the beginning to determine how large screen size can be. Learning the relationship between throw distance and screen size to find out an ideal projector screen size you need:  Measure an ideal screen size and distance by projection calculator.

Viewing Distance

Even if your wall is large enough, bigger is better still may not always prove the best strategy. That is because the bigger the screen is, the longer the distance you need to sit away from it to watch comfortably. If your room is not large enough, you might be better off opting for a smaller screen.

To calculate the optimal viewing distance, we have to consider the field of view of the human eye. SMPTE (Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers) guidelines recommend sitting at a range where the screen fills up a minimum of 30° of your field of vision, while THX recommends 40° for a more cinematic experience. An easy way to calculate this distance is multiplying the screen size by 1.2 for a cinematic viewing distance or 1.6 for standard usage.

If you use the THX guideline, a 120" projection screen is best viewed from 144 inches or 3.65 meters away while a 100" screen gives you the best experience when viewed from three meters. 

Aspect Ratio

Projector screens come in at least three different aspect ratios: 4:3, 16:9, and 2:35:1. Content formatted in 4:3 is standard in older TV shows and almost entirely out of use today, having been replaced by 16:9. However, if you want to feel like you’re at the movie theater, anamorphic 2.35:1 is the best choice.

To choose the ideal aspect ratio for your screen you need to consider the type of video content you watch the most and the formats supported by your projector.

Using a 4:3 screen to watch widescreen content would add black bars to the top and bottom of the image in what is known as letterboxing. Watching anamorphic content on a 16:9 screen would also require these black bars. It's worth mentioning that most TV shows today are 16:9, while most cinematic productions are still shot in 2.35:1.

To use an anamorphic projection screen, you need either a compatible projector or to adjust the projector to make sure that the black bars fall outside the projection area.

More advanced projection systems can automatically change their aspect ratio by using masking, covering parts of the screen dynamically to match the formatting of source content.

To fill in the ultra-wide screen you’re using, you can make use of image zoom so that the black bars fall outside the screen. However, this could compromise image resolution by blowing up unwanted details and may also have a negative effect on brightness. If you want to avoid this, more advanced projectors are compatible with anamorphic lenses that change the image to fit just right on ultra-wide screens. 

Screen Material Properties

One more essential thing to think about is screen material. The link above to new screen technologies sheds a lot of light on this (pun definitely intended), but just remember that screen material has the potential to completely change image properties, so choose carefully. 

Color

While the classic projection screen comes in white, you can get surfaces in a variety of colors for different applications. However, since we’re focusing on projection for home entertainment in this article, a white screen would serve you best. 

Gain

Select screens have added effects applied to them to artificially boost brightness and support supposedly more emphatic HDR. However, this often has the downside of reduced viewing angles and hot spotting, whereby brightness isn’t even and certain parts of the image look unnaturally bright. We recommend neutrally-applied screen coating without a gain boost. With modern HDR-enabled projectors those fixes no longer have any tangible benefit. 

Acoustic Screens

Typically, screens utilize a consistent fabric-like material to best block and reflect light. As such, they also block sound and thus require speakers be placed beside them or otherwise elsewhere in the room. Acoustic screens employ a mesh weave that attempts to balance reflectivity with sound transparency, or acoustic passthrough. In simpler terms, these screens try to provide a good image while allowing sound waves to pass through them so that you can save space by placing speakers directly behind the screen. Be advised your experience may vary greatly depending on acoustic screen build quality. To play it safe, we recommend purchasing a conventional fabric display. 

Time for A Choice!

Don’t worry, while there’s a lot to keep in mind when choosing a screen to pair with your projector, it’s meant to make sure you get years of viewing enjoyment. It’s not a chore if it makes you happy, so have fun setting up your new home media space. And our projector knowledge center has tons more tips to peruse – head on over to check it out. 

While we’re discussing how to choose a screen, you obviously should think about the many ways your projector will interact with whatever display you choose and the installation method you choose. Pay close attention to projector specs, in particular throw distance, brightness, aspect ratio support, and naturally resolution.  

Projections Screen Suggestion

 

White Wall (No Screen)

Fixed Frame Screens-Basic Fixed Frame Screens-Light Rejecting Ceiling (Pull-Down) Screens-Manual Ceiling (Pull-Down) Screens-Electric Floor Rising Screens-Manual Floor Rising Screens-Electric
 
Effectiveness

White Wall (No Screen)

Compared with the picture projected on the screen, the picture quality is not so good
Fixed Frame Screens-Basic
Best image quality and flattest image surface; Suitable for projectors with any throw ratios
Fixed Frame Screens-Light Rejecting
Suitable for well-lit rooms and/or for ultra-short throw projectors
Ceiling (Pull-Down) Screens-Manual
May cause slight distortions with ultra-short throw projectors at a level greater than floor rising screens
Ceiling (Pull-Down) Screens-Electric
May cause slight distortions with ultra-short throw projectors at a level greater than floor rising screens
Floor Rising Screens-Manual
May cause slight distortions with ultra-short throw projectors
Floor Rising Screens-Electric
May cause slight distortions with ultra-short throw projectors
 

Installation

Method

White Wall (No Screen)

No additional installation needed; Needs a clean wall
Fixed Frame Screens-Basic
Additional installation needed; Needs a clean wall
Fixed Frame Screens-Light Rejecting
Additional installation needed; Needs a clean wall
Ceiling (Pull-Down) Screens-Manual
Additional installation needed
Ceiling (Pull-Down) Screens-Electric
Additional installation needed; Needs a power supply
Floor Rising Screens-Manual
No additional installation needed
Floor Rising Screens-Electric
No additional installation needed; Needs a power supply
 
Price

White Wall (No Screen)

No additional costs
Fixed Frame Screens-Basic
 
Fixed Frame Screens-Light Rejecting
More expensive compared to manual one
Ceiling (Pull-Down) Screens-Manual
 
Ceiling (Pull-Down) Screens-Electric
More expensive compared to manual one
Floor Rising Screens-Manual
 
Floor Rising Screens-Electric
More expensive compared to manual one

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