Here are some of the frequently asked questions on how to choose and install projectors about creating your golf simulator room.
By definition, the throw ratio is the distance from projector to screen divided by the width of the image. The throw ratio spec for any projector assumes you're using the full width of the native resolution, which isn't true for many home golf simulators. The best position for the projector will usually be roughly 4 feet behind the tee location, which makes the distance easy enough to figure out. However, the width of the simulator is a limiting factor, and thus you probably use a 16:9 or 16:10 projector to project a 4:3 image. In this case, you won't be using the projector's full image width, and for easier calculation we suggest you choose the right throw ratio using the modified formula to calculate with distance and height.
Using the full width of the projector (4:3 projector to project a 4:3 image):
-Throw ratio=Distance / Width
Not using the full width of the projector (16:9 or 16:10 projector and adjusting the image to a 4:3 ratio):
-For a 16:9 projector, choose a projector with a throw ratio=0.5625 x Distance / Height
-For a 16:10 projector, choose a projector with a throw ratio=0.625 x Distance / Height
If the projector is hanging on the target line, it's the safest place in the room. About 7-8 feet from the screen is sufficiently away from the screen to avoid a ball hitting a proejctor, and no more than 3 or 4 feet behind the player to avoid shadows. Based on this, you can measure the distance to the impact screen and the height of the screen, and then calculate the throw ratio you need. A projector with throw ratios ranging from 0.5 to 1.1 helps you put the projector where it is needed to fill the screen while being mounted safely outside the hitting area (and without casting a shadow).
Resolution is what enables you to see the details on every blade of grass and the subtle contours on the green. Full HD 1080p or WUXGA is OK, but 4K is preferred. For the best widescreen experience, a 4K projector will create an immersive image even on impact screens larger than 14 feet wide. This is especially important if you are using a system such as Foresight, TruGolf, and other simulators that support 4K output.
For the impact screen to be tall enough to accommodate the path of the ball and still fit in the typical width for a home golf simulator projection, it usually winds up as a 4:3 aspect ratio or close enough to need a 4:3 image, because that allows you to go taller, giving you more room to swing without needing a bigger room. It’s not difficult to find a projector with a native 4:3 aspect ratio, but many are lower resolution, such as XGA or SVGA. Image quality greatly increases when using a native 16:9 or 16:10 projector, with WUXGA or 4K resolutions. So as a practical matter, we suggest using a projector that has a native 16:9 or 16:10 aspect ratio, then adjusting the image to give you a 4:3 aspect ratio.
4K short throw projectors should be your first consideration. 4K UHD delivers awe-inspiring clarity and crisply defined details that enable you to see all of the minute nuances on the latest 4K golf simulator courses. It allows your impact screen to double as an amazing home theater for movies or watching the Masters Tournament when you’re not practicing your golfing skills. On the other hand, the percentage difference in price between WUXGA and 4K isn't that significant among higher end models. If you plan to buy a single projector for both a golf simulator and home theater, the extra cost for 4K may well be worth it.
Golf simulation projectors need to be brighter than a home theater projector, since you need enough light in the room for your camera to see your club and track ball spin as it travels to the impact screen. A 3000 ANSI lumen projector is a good starting point for a smaller impact screen, but for larger screens that are 10 feet or wider, you will want to look for a 4000 lumen or brighter laser projector.
If you mount your projector to the side, above, or below the center of your screen, these functions are important. You'll usually need a short throw projector that offers sufficient vertical and horizontal lens shift to align the image relative to the screen, or keystone adjustment to square off the picture when the projector is sufficiently far off to the side.
Resolution is what enables you to see the details on every blade of grass and the subtle contours on the green. You can't beat Tiger when putting unless you can see the break. 4K UHD delivers awe-inspiring clarity and crisply defined details that enable you to see all of the minute nuances on the latest 4K golf simulator courses. This is especially important if you are using a high-end system simulators optimized for use with software such as E6 CONNECT or TGC 2019 that supports 4K outputs.
A laser projector is vastly superior to a simpler lamp projector for simulators. Most last the life of the projector, are essentially maintenance free, and offer instant on and off capability. The laser projector will deliver consistently bright images for well over a decade in a golf simulator and be much brighter than a similarly rated lamp-based projector year over year. A projector lamp with 4000 hours of lamp life loses brightness after each hour of use, which means your projector could only be showing 3000 lumens on the screen after a year or so of use, and less after that. Of course, you can change the lamp, but at a cost.
DLP projectors can produce superior definition and clarity in small-size text and fine details, and are especially good for displaying your distance, name, or score on the screen. With a sealed design that protects the DLP chip from dust-induced image degradation and the industrial-grade durability of DLP projection technology, BenQ DLP projectors are capable of maintaining long-lasting picture quality by eliminating color decay. Also, BenQ DLP projectors are filter-free and every laser projector has certified IP5X-rated (just like an Apple Watch), dustproof, sealed engine that eliminates the need for filters, and is perfect for environments such as garages or basements.
If the projector is hanging on the target line, it's the safest place in the room. About 7-8 feet from the screen is completely okay to avoid a ball bouncing off the screen and coming back to hit a projector and no more than 3 or 4 feet behind the player to avoid casting shadows.
Keystone correction is needed when a projector is mounted in a position that is not in line with the screen. When a projector is not perfectly in line with the screen, the image appears trapezoid. With keystone correction, the projector will skew the image vertically or horizontally to correct the trapezoid image back to a rectangular image on the projection screen. It is a digital process where the projector uses scaling and compression to alter the image. This will result in compromised image clarity.
1. Connect your projector to your PC then turn both on.
2. Choose the right display resolution for your projector on your PC. Please choose the highest resolution that best matches the aspect ratio of your golf screen. For example, if your screen is 4:3 and your PC offers 1600x1200 as the highest 4:3 resolution, you should choose that one.
3. Install your golf sim software. Some software titles may ask you to setup display resolution. If so, set it as the one you choose in the second step.
4. Find the right distance: locate the position where the 4 corners of the projected image all go beyond your display area. This buffer is reserved for digital correction. If you use side projection, you'll have a trapezoid image with different heights in the left and right. Remember that the more off-center the projector is, the more buffer you have to leave for digital correction.
5. Mount your projector: mount your projector at your chosen distance and make sure image height is as vertical as possible to the floor. You may use lens shift (availability varies by model) or adjust ceiling mount length to move the image and align it with your golf screen.
6. Correct the image with 2D keystone: if you use side projection or tilt projection, apply vertical keystone until the left and the right side of the projected image is vertical to the floor. Secondly, apply horizontal keystone to correct the image until the top line of your image is parallel to the floor. Make sure all 4 corners of the projected still fall beyond your desired display area.
7. Correct the image with corner fit: use the corner fit function to adjust each corner of your image until it becomes rectangular.
8. All set!
A projector lamp inevitably loses brightness after each hour of use, which causes image degradation. We suggest you follow the specified lamp life hour rating as a guide to when the lamp may need replacing. For example, a projector with a 4000 hour lamp would require a lamp change once those 4000 hours are up. You can find light usage time stats in the Information page of the On-Screen-Display menu. This doesn't mean the lamp will suddenly fail when it reaches its estimated lamp lifetime. You can continue to use the lamp until complete failure, but doing so impacts image quality.