With small form factors, convenient portability, and effortless Wi-Fi or HDMI connections, pico projectors have become among the most sought after products for consumer electronics enthusiasts. Options for consumers such as built-in battery models and LED projectors have also grown to a full array of choices for any setting. And because they work so well wherever people live, play, and work, coupled with advancements in streaming video, these simple, portable, and wireless projectors that project a large screen anytime, anywhere are popping up everywhere.
Because most pico projector brands are newcomers to the field, they often rely on overloading features onto existing designs and cutthroat pricing just to survive, turning the pico market into guerilla warfare with unrealistic specs and unsustainable prices all around. How can the average consumer identify marketing ploys, avoid buying duds, and select the right pico projector? BenQ is here to answer those questions.
Currently, the projector market is split between Digital Light Processing (DLP) and Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) models. To increase competitiveness, some brands recently developed cost-effective pico projectors that utilize a single-panel LCD combined with simpler lenses and optical parts. These smartphone-type LCDs are lower cost than DLP Digital Micro-Mirror Devices (DMD), so most companies do not fully consider effects on image quality when choosing this type of technology for their pico projectors.
Cheap LCD pico projectors utilize single-panel smartphone LCD displays
DLP pico projector's comprehensive optical design
The principle behind single-panel LCD projectors is very similar to old-fashioned slide projectors used in schools. It uses a single semitransparent liquid crystal screen to display the image, through which the light source shines to project the image onto a mirror. The image is then reflected through a lens to enlarge the projection which everyone can view.
The problem with this system is inadequate transparency of liquid crystal screens, with an average light transmission rate of 4% to 6% or at best only 10%, forever limiting their brightness. The only way to increase image brightness is to boost the light source. But since these smartphone LCDs are sensitive to heat, an increase in light source brightness can damage the liquid crystal molecules. In summary, single-panel LCD projectors have low light-energy conversion rates, and technology has not found a way to produce high brightness on these types of projectors.
As explained above, single-panel LCD projectors are limited due to brightness and temperature factors, with current single-panel LCD projectors producing real brightness levels of only 200 to 300 lumens at best. Yet single-panel LCD projectors with advertised brightness of 2,000 to 3,000 lumens can be found everywhere in the marketplace. In reality, these numbers are hugely inflated. Because online shopping is so prevalent, consumers are unable to test the actual performance of a projector. This can cause them to be enticed by inflated numbers and bargain prices only to find out that they have been fooled after receiving a worse-than-advertised product.
Obviously, the most essential parts that determine a projector’s image quality are the light source, imaging elements, and lens-related optical components. But in order to keep prices low, single-panel LCD projectors use lower-cost smartphone display panels as imaging elements and simplified optical mechanics, which produce uneven lighting. This in turn causes the projected image to be clear in the center but hazy towards the edges, which is the unavoidable consequence of using sub-standard technology.
The projected image to be clear in the center but hazy towards the edges
The cheap LCD pico projector's poor focus
The cheap LCD pico projector's screen distortion
Portability is another key selling point of pico projectors, and volume/size is an important purchasing consideration for the consumer. But with single-panel LCD projectors, any decrease in size results in the problem of bottlenecking. This problem arises from their use of smartphone LCDs as the main imaging component, because the LCD cannot achieve higher resolutions such as 720P if it is too small. With most smartphone LCD panels sized 5 to 6 inches, compared to 0.3-inch DMDs for DLP projectors, the difference in size can be up to ten- or twenty-fold. Additionally, for the light source to effectively cover the entire image when it shines on the LCD panel, all internal projector mechanics, including the lens and mirror, have to adjust according to panel size. As a result, single-panel LCD pico projectors are unable to achieve the portability of DLP pico projectors.
The image shows BenQ GV1 with 180lm brightness on the left compared to a single-panel LCD projector with a measured brightness level of 90lm. Not only is the DLP-based GV1 significantly smaller, but the brightness is remarkably brighter.
This article provides consumers a better understanding of pico projectors, in order to recognize marketing tricks and misleading specs, and to avoid being tricked by certain brands. Knowing the tricks of the trade described above, your best choice for the most effective projector with the best imaging technology is a DLP pico projector.
1.Higher contrast ratio for greater depth.
2.Faster response time accentuates dynamic video, including clearer and sharper images for high-speed sports.
3.LED light source offers more vivid and brighter primary colors, with mechanics to counteract bright spots that may occur with single-panel LCD projectors.
4.Not just brighter than single-panel LCD projectors, DLP projectors also meet brightness standards for use in brighter settings.
5.Smaller volume/size for greater portability.